1820: The Open Gymnasium of Higher Learning (currently Nizhyn Pedagogical Institute) opens in Nizhyn, built with Prince Oleksandr Bezborodko’s money.
1914: The Supreme Ukrainian Council adopts a manifesto in conjunction with WW I, urging the Ukrainian people to struggle for national liberation.
1941: The Soviet Supreme Command Headquarters issues Order No. 270 whereby the commanding and political officers who surrender to the enemy are considered malicious deserters and their families are subject to arrest and deportation.
1941: Soviet troops wage pitched battles at the Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhia bridgeheads.
1945: The USSR and Poland sign a treaty in Moscow on the Soviet-Polish border along the river Buh and to the east of the river San. 1957: The Fourth Congress of the World Federation of Democratic Youth begins in Kyiv.
2011: The National Sorochyntsi Fair is launched in the village Velyki Sorochyntsi, boasting farming products from all over Ukraine.